War of Independence
During the late 19th and early 20th century there had been a growing awareness of all things Irish and increasing restlessness to become masters of our own destiny. In 1916 a small group of armed men and women occupied key buildings in Dublin during Easter Week and managed to hold off the British Army for a week. That event became known as The Easter Rising, the centre of Dublin was shelled and the leaders of the rising in contravention of all international protocol’s were rounded up, jailed and executed.
This singular event by the authorities was probably the most significant occurrence of the time that ultimately galvanised the people and lead directly to the Irish War of Independence (1919 – 1921). A ceasefire was agreed in July 1921. The agreement which followed in the December and was approved by the provisional Irish government in January 1922 allowed the formation of The Irish Free State Government which gave Ireland certain autonomies to govern its own affairs. (See Civil War section for what happened next).